India’s first line of defence is its nature and geographic condition.
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Safety and Security of a country is the sole responsibility of armed forces which give their entire life to serve the nation.
The military guards the borders day and night and neutralize any incoming threat. But there are also some geographical factors which act non less than an Army which protects a country 24 hours a day without taking any rest.
Sometimes these geographical factors also make a natural border between the two countries. Sometimes these geographical factors also give advantage to a country by minimizing its security concerns by providing its own secure fencing via forest, sea, mountain and deserts. So we present you a brief article on the location of these natural forces of India which protects it from all four sides.
Himalayan mountain range from the North
India is surrounded by Himalayan mountain ranges which protect the country from any incursion from the Northern side. India is being attacked from many centuries but it is attacked from the Northern region only a few times. The high mountains and very narrow path make it difficult for any force to successfully invade the Indian subcontinent so Indians also called the Himalayas as a protector or shield of India. Thus the Himalayas were the only region that Mongols and Chinese invaders never succeeded in capturing Indian land.
During the winter the Himalaya becomes hell for the enemy troops who think that they can conquer India. The difficult terrain of Himalaya makes it furthermore difficult for the movement of large Army along with heavy artillery. The bone freezing climate of Himalayas and its difficult terrain was the only reason that saved India from a full-blown Chinese attack during in 1962. That time the Chinese army didn’t have the option to deploy their heavy tanks and fighter aircraft along with the Himalayan ranges because of its high altitude.
China even after winning the Eastern Laddakh region couldn’t advance further because of coming winter which would have frozen the Chinese soldiers and they may have lost the area they recently captured from India. All the European and Arabic invaders of Indian subcontinent didn’t dare to attack India from its Northern borders so they always attacked through the flat western region.
The Thar Desert from West
As we know that India’s biggest enemy Pakistan always look for a chance to invade the Indian Territory and destroy India and its culture but they never succeeded because of the courage of the Indian Army. There is also a very important part played by geography Western border of India. From the Western side, almost 200,000 square kilometres of Indo Pak border is guarded by the Thar Desert which has an extremely hot climate during day and extremely cold climate at night.
The sandy terrain also slows down the movement of Army and army vehicles. The Thar Desert flat and no vegetation also make it easier for the Indian Army to look after any secret and precise incursion into its territory. Even if Pakistanis do so then their move can be easily intercepted and destroyed by Indian Army and Air force. The big example of such incident can be seen during the Indo Pak war of 1971 when 120 soldiers of Indian Army destroyed the whole tank regiment and 2000+ Pakistani soldiers at the Battle of Longewala With the help of Indian Air Force. Whenever Pakistani has attacked from this sandy terrain they faced the only failure.
Rann of Kutch, Gujarat from West
It is located at the Western border of India which is bordered with Sindh province of Pakistan and the Arabian Sea. It is a salt Marsh which creates a natural border with Pakistan. It is one of the hottest areas in India. During summer its temperature rises to more than 50°C and during winter it falls to 0°C. This area even gets flooded every year due to the Indus River. There are lots of national parks and wildlife sanctuary in Rann of Kutch.
The southern region of Kutch is flat and muddy. Many of times Pakistani army and terrorist try to breach into Indian Territory but the open and flood area makes it difficult because they could be easily visible. Also, the incursion through the quagmire region of Kutch may lead to suicide. Although Special Forces of Indian Army- CCC (creek crocodile commandos) along with BSF, guard these border and can neutralize any insurgency. The Pakistani can neither cross the border through ships or boats because it is easily visible nor by swimming throughout the flooded area. The other half of this region is well fenced by dense forest and wildlife sanctuaries which are guarded by gorilla forces.
Sea and Oceans from South India
From the southern side, India is surrounded by a large water region that is the Bay of Bengal from South East, the Arabian Sea from Southwest and Indian Ocean from the southernmost part of India. The Indian coastline is very big and it is guarded by a big and capable Indian Navy.
As we know that attacking any country by land is easier than by sea. As almost half of the Indian border is situated at coastline protected by the Indian Ocean so it reduces the threat coming from this region. If a country needs to attack others through sea route then it must have a big and advanced naval fleet which should outclass the other. Although they must have good missile and Air Force which could destroy the ground forces near the coastline. As India has it’s own big and advance Air, land and naval fleet so it seems to be impossible to successfully invade India through sea route.
India has Island groups like Lakshadweep at the southernmost territory of Indian Ocean and Andaman and Nicobar Island group stretching from the Bay of Bengal to the Indian Ocean. India has established its military bases of tri-service command on these Island groups which guard the Indian mainland. India has installed its listening station at each Island for surveillance and control of any movement through there coastline.
India has also leased the island of other countries for making its naval and surveillance bases which have created a chain of secure sea route in the Indian Ocean. These island groups not only serve the country as a military purpose but they also protect India from natural disasters like cyclones and tsunami. During the tsunami in 2004, all the countries in the Indian Ocean were heavily destructed but due to Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the wave was slowed down while reaching the Indian mainland.
Forest, Hills and Climate of Northeastern India
Indian Northeastern region and its borders are occupied with tropical semi-evergreen forest, big hills and many natural waterfalls. The population of the northeastern territory of India is also very low which has made this region is the silent valley. The temperature of this region is moderate with regular heavy rainfall every day. So any incursion into Indian Territory through northeastern side will lead to dangerous dense forest and series of high heels which are guarded by special units of Indian Army.
The incurable disease, rainy climate and dangerous animals may lead to death or one may die of starvation due to long journey through high mountains. During the Second World War a large number of Axis Force comprised of Japanese and Azad Hind Fauj when attacked India from Northeastern Front via Myanmar then they were counter by a small British Indian Army. Most of the soldiers of Axis Force died due to climatic and geographical condition of Northeastern India. Many of the soldiers died due to disease and starvation.