India is buying Stealth Submarines from France, Can India beat big Chinese Submarine fleet?

China has a Submarine fleet of 70-72 units whereas India has only 17 Submarines. Then it is a big question of how India could beat China in Naval war. But here is the solution.

Most of the Chinese submarines are older Soviet-era diesel submarines which they bought from Russia. They lack in quality and they are more vulnerable to detection due to heavy noise. Some of the Indian submarines are also of Soviet origin but India is quickly changing them by new Indigenous made Submarines and also buying some advance Stealth Submarines. So India aims at countering Chinese Navy not by quantity but by quality.

New Stealth Submarines for India

Stealth Submarines

Currently, there is lots of discussion going in Indian Navy about purchasing the French submarines. The submarines would be received from French shipbuilder- Naval group which will deliver this submarine through Make in India project.

It has been said that the deal regarding the purchase of submarine has been started when Indian Defence minister Rajnath Singh and French Defence Minister Florence Parley meet in September 2020 in New Delhi. There were several discussions about P-750 I submarines tenders.

This tender was regarding the building of 6 stealth Submarine with air-independent propulsion technology which will have a very longer submerged range than any other submarines of Indian Navy. It’s estimated that this deal will be finalized in 2021 and will have a cost of 400 to 500 billion rupees or US dollar 5 to 5.5 billion. Along with delivering the submarines, France will also provide technology transfer to India so that India can build its own submarine of this class in future.

indian submarines

On the other hand, these submarines will be stealth which means it cannot be easily detected. They can match to 5 other submarines in firepower and performance. Due to its deeper submerged capability, it can hide deep inside water and it will not be easy to track it.

Currently, the French Naval group shipbuilder is working with India’s Mazagon Dock shipbuilders to deliver six Kalvari submarines of which 2 submarines are already delivered to Indian Navy, 2 submarines are under construction and two submarines project is not yet started. This deal was finalised in US dollar 3.13 billion or 230 billion Indian rupees.

Currently, India operates 17 submarines of different classes of which two are nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines.

Let us see the Indian submarine fleet.

Akula II Class Submarines

Akula II

INS Chakra I

This is a nuclear attack submarine. India has taken this Submarine from Russia under a 10-year lease in 2012. This submarine is built by Amur Shipyard and Sevmash of Russia. The submarine cost around US dollar 1.55 billion.

This submarine was commissioned into Indian Navy on 4 April 2012. This submarine has a length of 113.3 m and Beam of 13.6 m. It can travel with a speed of 19 km/hr when surfaced and 65 km/hr when submerged. It has a striking range of 3000 km. It can conduct its single sail for 100 days nonstop. It maximum operating depth is 600 m underwater. It is equipped with Flank arrays, MGK-500 active/passive suite, mine sonar detector and towed array sonar. It is armed by 4×533 mm torpedo tubes, Various SAMs and Cruise missiles.

India has also signed an MOU with Russia on 7 March 2019 to deliver another Akula class submarine by 2025.

Specifications

No of Submarines1
Length113.3 m
Beam13.6 m
Draft9.7 m
Maximum Speed65 km/hr submerged,
19 km/hr surfaced
Range100 days
Maximum Depth600 m
Staff capacity62

Arihant Class Submarines

Arihant Class Submarines

INS Arihant and INS Arighat

These are nuclear powered Ballistic missile submarines. Currently, India is using 2 Submarines of this class and 2 other submarines are under construction.

This submarine is built by Navy Shipbuilding Centre of Vishakhapatnam, India. The submarine cost around US dollar 560 million per unit. This submarine was commissioned into Indian Navy in 2016. This submarine has a length of 111 m and Beam of 11 m.

It can travel with a speed of 28 km/hr when surfaced and 44 km/hr when submerged. It can conduct its single sail for unlimited days nonstop and it has to dock only for food supplies of its staffs. It maximum operating depth is 300 m underwater. It is equipped with USHUS sonar. It is armed by 6×533 mm torpedo tubes, 12×K15 or 24×K15 SLBM or 4×K-4 or 8×K-4 SLBM Cruise missiles.

Specifications

No of Submarines2
Length111 m
Beam11 m
Draft15 m
Maximum Speed44 km/hr submerged,
28 km/hr surfaced
Rangeunlimited
Maximum Depth300 m
Staff capacity95

Shishumar Class Submarines

Shishumar Class Submarines

INS Shishumar, INS Shankush, INS Shalki and INS Shankul

These are the Diesel-electric Attack submarine. Currently, India is using 4 Submarines of this class. This submarine is built by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Germany and Mazagon Dock Limited, India.

The submarine cost around US dollar 356.23 million per unit. The first submarine of this class was commissioned into Indian Navy on 22 September 1986. This submarine has a length of 64.4 m and Beam of 6.5 m. It can travel with a speed of 20 km/hr when surfaced and 41 km/hr when submerged. It can conduct its single sail for 15,000 km to 24,000 km with speed 15 km/hr surfaced to 19 km/hr submerged. It maximum operating depth is 300 m underwater. It is equipped with Atlas CSU83 sonar, Thomson DUUX passive sonar and Calypso-CSF radar. It is armed by 14×AEG-SUT Mod-1 torpedo tubes, 24×external strap-on missiles and Harpoon missiles.

Specifications

No of Submarines4
Length64.4 m
Beam6.5 m
Draft6 m
Maximum Speed41 km/hr submerged,
20 km/hr surfaced
Range45 days
Maximum Depth300 m
Staff capacity40

Kalvari Class Submarine

Kalvari Class Submarine

INS Kalvari and INS Khanderi

These are diesel-electric attack submarines. Currently, India is using 2 Submarines of this class, 2 submarines are on trails which will be commissioned in 2021 and 2 are under construction.

This submarine is built by Mazagon Dock Limited, India. The submarine cost around US dollar 475 million per unit. The first submarine of this class was commissioned into Indian Navy in 2017. This submarine has a length of 67.5 m and Beam of 6.2 m. It can travel with a speed of 20 km/hr when surfaced and 37 km/hr when submerged. It can conduct its single sail for 50 days nonstop. It maximum operating depth is 350 m underwater. It is equipped with SUBTICS system and LOFAR. It is armed by 6×533 mm torpedo tubes, Anti-ship missiles and mines.

Specifications

No of Submarines2, 2 on trails and 2 under construction
Length67.5 m
Beam6.2 m
Draft5.8 m
Maximum Speed37 km/hr submerged,
20 km/hr surfaced
Range50 days
Maximum Depth350 m
Staff capacity43

Sindhughosh Class Submarine

Sindhughosh Class Submarine

INS Sindhughosh, INS Sindhudhvaj, INS Sindhuraj, INS Sindhuratna, INS Sindhukesari, INS Sindhukirti, INS Sindhuvijay and INS Sindhurashtra

These are diesel-electric attack submarines. Currently, India is using 8 Submarines of this class. This submarine is built by R.D Bureau, K.S Shipyard, Amur Shipbuilding plant, Sevmash and Admiralty Shipyard of Russia.

The submarine cost around US dollar 475 million per unit. The first submarine of this class was commissioned into Indian Navy in 1986. This submarine has a length of 72.6 m and Beam of 9.9 m. It can travel with a speed of 19 km/hr when surfaced and 31 km/hr when submerged. It can conduct its single sail for 9,700 km to 640 km with speed 13 km/hr surfaced to 5.6 km/hr submerged. Its maximum operating depth is 300 m underwater. It is armed by 24*DM-1 mines, Type 53-65 torpedoes, Anti-submarine missile and torpedoes and Club-S missile

Specifications

No of Submarines8
Length72.6 m
Beam9.9 m
Draft6.6 m
Maximum Speed31 km/hr submerged,
19 km/hr surfaced
Range45 days
Maximum Depth300 m
Staff capacity53

So we can say that in future with the induction of more Modern submarines into Indian Navy India will also rise as the biggest naval power. Within 5-year Indian submarine fleet will be almost double in number as of current stats. If China continues to use their older submarines than it will be an easy target to destroy and India could dominate over China.

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