Recently India has achieved a very big milestone in the field of Ballistic Missile Defence System. Many experts say that Indian BMD is far better than the S-400 of Russia.
Basically in today’s world where no one is the true friend of other everyone relies upon each other only for their profit. You can depend upon other countries for attacking weapons. But for self defenses you should make own indigenous weapons so that in case of any knock with the enemy nation, they shouldn’t have any technological advantage over our Defense System.
In today’s time, S400 is the best Defence System in the world but still, it has certain lags. It cannot detect and destroy ICBMs Intercontinental ballistic missile. This is because these missiles at first go into the orbit and then it dropbacks to their target, so due to its high altitude and it’s very high speed it didn’t get detected and destroyed by S400. Sometimes it may get detected but due to its speed, it cannot be destroyed.
For many years India was secretly working on BMD System. India has already made BMD System but they were waiting for its further upgrade. Due to their very hard work now the Indian scientist has got a very big success in this field Indian scientist has developed two new systems for BMD i.e, AD 1 and AD 2.
It can destroy ICBMs in both Indo and Exo environments. Its range is about 5000 km whereas S400 has a detection range of 600 km and it can destroy the upcoming missile within 400 km.
Talking about S400 India will get it from Russia next year and it will also be in a limited number, so this cannot fully guard our country Whereas India can develop BMD in large numbers and deploy all over India. Secondly, it will be a lot cheaper than S400.
The cost of one unit of S400 system is US $ 1 billion whereas India can produce almost 6 to 7 BMD Systems in 1 billion dollar. The Indian system for each unit cost between US $ 15-20 million.
Secondly, it will be beneficial for India because it is indigenously developed in India and its technology is only known to Indian DRDO and S400 is also delivered to other countries so in case of War there will be no technological advantage. But if India will use BMD System then we can dominate over other enemy nations.
India’s target is not only to produce BMD for war purposes but like Israel, India wants to become only second country to be protected by any kind of missile attack.
It is also good that the Indian government is continuing its funding and does not hesitate to spend money on their Defence projects.
The Indian BMD program is designed as a two-level system with Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) for high-altitude interception and advanced air defense (AAD) for a low-altitude interception.
PAD ( Prithvi Air Defence)
Developed to intercept ballistic missiles in the outer atmosphere, PAD is a two-stage missile with a maximum intercept height of 80 km. The guidance is provided by an inertial navigation system with mid-trajectory updates from the Long Range Tracking Radar (LRTR) and active radar homing missiles in the terminal stage.
PAD is called Pradyumna and has the ability to launch 300-2000 km class ballistic missiles at a speed of Mach 5 to track almost 200 targets at a distance of 600 km. It can direct exo-atmospheric missiles to intercept targets at altitudes above 80 km from Earth. Swordfish’s LRTR system currently has a range of 600- 800 km and can spot targets of two inches in diameter. DRDO plans to improve the range to 1500 km.
The Prithvi-II Air Defence Exercise (PADE) was conducted in November 2006, which successfully intercepted its target at an altitude of 50 km. DRDO planned to test an anti-ballistic missile shield against missiles with a range of 1,500 km in January 2020 which was also successful.
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AAD (ADVANCE DEFENCE SYSTEM)
The Advanced Air Defence System (AAD) is a single-stage solid fuel ABM missile designed to intercept ballistic missiles located in the atmosphere at an altitude of 30 km. It is 7.5 meters high, weighs about 1.2 tons, and has a diameter of less than 0.5 meters.
On December 6, 2007, AAD system was successful in intercepting a modified Prithvi-II missile as an incoming target as a ballistic missile. DRDO later developed the AAD missile into a new surface-to-air missile with an extended range (150 km). On July 26, 2010, AAD tested successfully from the Integrated Test Scope (ITR) on Wheeler Island.
On 6 March 2011, India successfully test-fired its Interceptor missile from the coast of Orissa, which destroyed a ballistic missile, a modified Prithvi, at an altitude of 16 km over the Bay of Bengal. It thundered the sky at a speed of Mach 4.5 and successfully destroyed the target.
The missile defence system in the second stage is based on the AD-1 and AD-2 interceptor missiles that are developed in 2019 and it was successfully tested in September 2020. The second stage of interceptor have hypersonic speed of Mach 6 to 7. The missiles have less time to intercept. The steering system is more active and able to respond faster.
These interceptors are capable of intercepting missiles with a range of more than 5,000 km, which follow a completely different path than a missile with a range of 2,000 km or less.
TO KNOW MORE ABOUT AAD CLICK HERE.