Nag missile is a series of short-range, sub-sonic anti-tank guided missile (ATGM). Its maximum speed is 0.6-0.7 Mach. Nag missile has a various variant which ranges between 500m to 20 km and weight is about 43 kg. This missile can be launched from various platforms like NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier), attack helicopters like HAL Rudra & HAL LCH and battle tanks like Arjun Tank. On September 2020 India successfully tested laser guided ATGM from its main battle tank Arjun Tank in Maharashtra..
What is NAMICA?
NAMICA is an amphibious armoured missile carrier. This vehicle is based on BMP chassis. It is designed by DRDO and made by Ordnance Factory, Medak.
This project was started by Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
It was been manufactured jointly by DRDO, Ordnance Factory- Medak and Bharat Dynamics Limited of India. Nag was developed by IGMDO: Integrated Guided Missile Development Program which is a section of DRDO and manufactured by BDL.
Nag engine is made of solid propellant rocket booster which consists of sustainer motor. It has extruded double-base propellant with smokeless nitramine. Currently, there are three different variants of Nag missiles- Prospina, HELINA and SANT.
It uses a charged coupled device with area correlation and two-way data link along with Infrared homing and millimetre wave active radar homing.
The Nag is likely to induct into service by 2020 and its production has already been started from 19 July 2019. The cost for each unit of Nag missile is the US $ 0.45 million.
It’s estimated that nearly 25 NAMICA along with more than 300 ATGM is going to be inducted in Indian Army. Its delivery has already started in 2020.
PROSPINA / NAG
Its development started in 1988 by Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
The first test of Nag/ Prospina was conducted in November 1990. Other tests were conducted on September 1997 and January 2000.
Its First test from NAMICA was conducted on 8 August 2008 in Indira Gandhi Canal, Rajasthan.
Its First user trial was conducted on 26 December 2008 over a stationary target at 3.3 km which was successful. Second user trial was conducted on 28 December 2008 over a moving target at 1.8 km successfully.
First tests with thermal sight system and IIR passive seeker was conducted on 20 January 2010 over a range of 5 km. Its short-range tests were conducted on June 2010.
Final user trials were conducted in July 2010. Now the missile was approved for production but a failure occurred in 2011.
A test in Summer 2011 shows that the missile was unable to figure out its target by its heat seeker due to heat of the surrounding so new seekers were demanded by Indian Army.
The first test with new seeker was conducted on 29 July 2013. Again more tests were carried out in August and September 2013.
The first user trail with the new seeker and thermal target system (TTS) was conducted on January 2016 in Rajasthan and its Final trial was conducted on September 2016.
After several tests in 2019 between 7- 18 July, it was again cleared for production and its induction into Indian Army was validated. But still, till September 2020 it is not yet officially inducted into service. It is expected to be inducted into service in late 2020 or early 2021.
It is a Helicopter launched Nag. It is an extended range air-launched version of Nag. It can be launched from HAL Rudra and HAL LCH.
It uses Infrared imaging seeker (IIR) with a lock-on-before feature.
Its first test was carried out in 2011.
HAL conducted its first trial of HELINA on 13 July 2015 at Chandan firing range of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. In this test, three missiles were fired. Two successfully hit the target while one missed it. The targets were at 7 km.
The first trail with the updated seeker of 640 by 512- pixel resolution was conducted on September 2016 in Rajasthan. Its last test was expected to be completed in late 2020.
Recently three development trials were carried out in July 2020 in I.T Range, Balasore, Odisha.
It is currently under development.
It is an upgraded version of HELINA with an extended range of 15-20 km. It has new active radar homing seeker which is nose-mounted.
Its first test was conducted in November 2018.
It is a Man-portable anti-tank guided missile which can be launched by soldiers with a small launcher.
It is currently under development.
|In Service||2020 (expected)|
|Type||ATGM land version|
|Length/Diameter||1.85 m/ 0.20 m|
|Weight of Missile||43 kg|
|Maximum Speed||0.6-0.7 Mach|
|Range||500 m-4 km ( Prospina ), 7 km-10 km (HELINA), 15 km-20 km (SANT)|