India got its new Kalvari class Submarine. INS Vagir will block Strait of Malacca.

India has launched its fifth Scorpene submarine INS Vagir on 12th of November 2020. It is a Kalvari class submarine which is built in India. It is designed by French Naval defence and energy company DCNS.

It will probably be commissioned in early 2021. It has Stealth features and advanced acoustic absorption technique which makes it difficult to track by Sonar or radar. It was launched at Mazagon Dock in South Mumbai.

Vagir is named after Sandfish which is a deadly deep sea Predator found in the Indian Ocean. There was also a Vagir submarine commissioned into Indian Navy on 3rd December 1973 from Russia. It was decommissioned on 7 June 2001.

Submarines of this class are :

Kalvari Class Submarine

Kalvari Class Submarine

INS Kalvari and INS Khanderi

These are diesel-electric attack submarines. Currently, India is using 2 Submarines of this class, 2 submarines are on trails which will be commissioned in 2021 and 2 are under construction. This submarine is built by Mazagon Dock Limited, India.

The submarine cost around US dollar 475 million per unit. The first submarine of this class was commissioned into Indian Navy in 2017. This submarine has a length of 67.5 m and Beam of 6.2 m. It can travel with a speed of 20 km/hr when surfaced and 37 km/hr when submerged.

It can conduct its single sail for 50 days nonstop. It maximum operating depth is 350 m underwater. It is equipped with SUBTICS system and LOFAR. It is armed by 6×533 mm torpedo tubes, Anti-ship missiles and mines.

Specifications

No of SubmarinesNo of Submarines
Length67.5 m
Beam6.2 m
Draft5.8 m
Maximum Speed37 km/hr submerged,
20 km/hr surfaced
Range50 days
Maximum Depth350 m
Staff capacityStaff capacity

Currently, India operates 17 submarines of different classes of which two are nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines.

Other Submarines of different classes are :

Akula II Class Submarines

Akula II Class Submarines

INS Chakra I

This is a nuclear attack submarine. India has taken this Submarine from Russia under a 10-year lease in 2012. This submarine is built by Amur Shipyard and Sevmash of Russia. The submarine cost around US dollar 1.55 billion. This submarine was commissioned into Indian Navy on 4 April 2012.

This submarine has a length of 113.3 m and Beam of 13.6 m. It can travel with a speed of 19 km/hr when surfaced and 65 km/hr when submerged. It has a striking range of 3000 km. It can conduct its single sail for 100 days nonstop. It maximum operating depth is 600 m underwater.

It is equipped with Flank arrays, MGK-500 active/passive suite, mine sonar detector and towed array sonar. It is armed by 4×533 mm torpedo tubes, Various SAMs and Cruise missiles.

India has also signed an MOU with Russia on 7 March 2019 to deliver another Akula class submarine by 2025.

Arihant Class Submarines

Arihant Class Submarines

INS Arihant and INS Arighat

These are nuclear powered Ballistic missile submarines. Currently, India is using 2 Submarines of this class and 2 other submarines are under construction.

This submarine is built by Navy Shipbuilding Centre of Vishakhapatnam, India. The submarine cost around US dollar 560 million per unit. This submarine was commissioned into Indian Navy in 2016. This submarine has a length of 111 m and Beam of 11 m.

It can travel with a speed of 28 km/hr when surfaced and 44 km/hr when submerged. It can conduct its single sail for unlimited days nonstop and it has to dock only for food supplies of its staffs. It maximum operating depth is 300 m underwater. It is equipped with USHUS sonar. It is armed by 6×533 mm torpedo tubes, 12×K15 or 24×K15 SLBM or 4×K-4 or 8×K-4 SLBM Cruise missiles.

Shishumar Class Submarines

Shishumar Class Submarines

INS Shishumar, INS Shankush, INS Shalki and INS Shankul

These are the Diesel-electric Attack submarine. Currently, India is using 4 Submarines of this class.

This submarine is built by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Germany and Mazagon Dock Limited, India. The submarine cost around US dollar 356.23 million per unit. The first submarine of this class was commissioned into Indian Navy on 22 September 1986. This submarine has a length of 64.4 m and Beam of 6.5 m. It can travel with a speed of 20 km/hr when surfaced and 41 km/hr when submerged.

It can conduct its single sail for 15,000 km to 24,000 km with speed 15 km/hr surfaced to 19 km/hr submerged. It maximum operating depth is 300 m underwater. It is equipped with Atlas CSU83 sonar, Thomson DUUX passive sonar and Calypso-CSF radar. It is armed by 14×AEG-SUT Mod-1 torpedo tubes, 24×external strap-on missiles and Harpoon missiles.

Sindhughosh Class Submarine

Sindhughosh Class Submarine

INS Sindhughosh, INS Sindhudhvaj, INS Sindhuraj, INS Sindhuratna, INS Sindhukesari, INS Sindhukirti, INS Sindhuvijay and INS Sindhurashtra

These are diesel-electric attack submarines. Currently, India is using 8 Submarines of this class. This submarine is built by R.D Bureau, K.S Shipyard, Amur Shipbuilding plant, Sevmash and Admiralty Shipyard of Russia. The submarine cost around US dollar 475 million per unit.

The first submarine of this class was commissioned into Indian Navy in 1986. This submarine has a length of 72.6 m and Beam of 9.9 m. It can travel with a speed of 19 km/hr when surfaced and 31 km/hr when submerged. It can conduct its single sail for 9,700 km to 640 km with speed 13 km/hr surfaced to 5.6 km/hr submerged.

Its maximum operating depth is 300 m underwater. It is armed by 24*DM-1 mines, Type 53-65 torpedoes, Anti-submarine missile and torpedoes and Club-S missile.

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