Prithvi Missile has wiped out china’s hope to take their lost posts in Ladakh -PRITHVI AIR DEFENSE SYSTEM

Recently India has successfully tested Prithvi-II ballistic missile from Balasore, Odisha which can destroy any target over 250km. This missile was test-fired on 16 October 2020. This missile will destroy any forward Chinese post or any Chinese platoon if they try to move an inch in the Indian Territory. China can neither destroy this missile by any of its defence systems because of its speed which is even more than BrahMos nor it can hope for its target inaccuracy.
Why did china fear this missile? Let’s find out the perfect reason.

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Developed to intercept ballistic missiles in the outer atmosphere, PAD is a two-stage missile with a maximum intercept height of 80 km. The first stage is a solid fuel engine while the second stage is propelled by liquid fuel. It has maneuvering thrusters that can generate lateral acceleration in excess of five J at an altitude of 50 km. The guidance is provided by an inertial navigation system with mid-trajectory updates from the Long Range Tracking Radar (LRTR) and active radar homing missiles in the terminal stage.

PAD is called Pradyumna and has the ability to launch 300-2000 km class ballistic missiles at a speed of 5 Mach to track 200 targets at a distance of 600 km. Swordfish is an Indian LRTR missile specifically designed to counter the threat of ballistic missiles and is part of the Indian ballistic missile program. The first test of this radar in March 2009 confirmed the capabilities of locally developed swordfish.

It can direct exo-atmospheric missiles to intercept targets at altitudes above 80 km from Earth. Swordfish’s LRTR system currently has a range of 600- 800 km and can spot targets of two inches in diameter. DRDO plans to improve the range to 1500 km. The Indian system for each unit costs between US $ 10-15 million.

There are basically three variants of PAD system

  1. Prithvi-I For Indian Army
  2. Prithvi-II For Indian Air Force
  3. Prithvi-III For Indian Navy

1. PRITHVI-I

PRITHVI-I

Prithvi-I is a single-stage, liquid fuel, surface-to-surface missile powered by a 16 metric ton propulsion engine. The missile can carry warhead of 1000 kg to a distance of 150 km with accuracy upto10-50 m. The Prithvi-I was first tested in 1988 and inducted into service in 1994. The first flight test of 150 km was fully successful.

Its length is 9 meters and diameter around 1.1 meters. It had a weight of 4,400 kg and could carry payload up to 1000 kg. There are around 30 Prithvi 1 missile produced till September 2020.

SPECIFICATIONS

TypeShort-range, Road-mobile, Single Stage, Liquid propellant ballistic missile
Development Started1983
First Test FlightFebruary 1988
Entered Service1994
Length/Diameter9 m/1.1m
Weight4,400 kg
Warhead1000 kg
Maximum range150 km
Minimum range40 km
Accuracy50 m
Max Altitude30 km
SpeedMach 5
Number of Missiles produced30

2. PRITHVI-II

PRITHVI-II

The Prithvi-II Air Defense Exercise (PADE) was conducted in November 2006, which successfully intercepted its target at an altitude of 50 km. The Prithvi-II ballistic missile has been successfully modified to mimic the trajectory of M-11 missiles.

DRDO planned to test an anti-ballistic missile shield against missiles with a range of 1,500 km in January 2020 which was also successful. The test will be carried out with a modified Prithvi missile fired from a ship and an anti-ballistic missile fired from Wheeler Island. The target missile will be intercepted at an altitude of about 80 km. On 6 March 2009, DRDO conducted its second successful test of the PAD interceptor missile. Dhanush missile which has a range of 1500 km was used as a target. It was successfully tracked by swordfish LRTR radar and destroyed at an altitude of 75 km.

It has a length of 8.5 meters and a diameter of 1.1 m. It has weight 4,600 kg and carry payload of 500 to 1000 kg. Its first test was carried out in January 1996 and it entered into service in 2003.

SPECIFICATIONS

TypeShort-range, Road-mobile, Single Stage, Liquid propellant ballistic missile
Development Started1983
First Test FlightJanuary,1996
Entered Service2003
Length/Diameter8.56 m/1.1m
Weight4,600 kg
Warhead500-1000 kg
Maximum range350 km
Minimum range250 km
Accuracy50 m
Max Altitude80 km
SpeedMach 5

3. PRITHVI III

PRITHVI III

Prithvi III is a two-stage surface-to-surface missile. The first stage is solid fuel, powered by a 16 metric ton propulsion engine. The second stage uses liquid fuel like Prithvi 1 & 2. The missile can carry warhead of 1000 kg to a distance of 350 km, a 500 kg to 600 km, and a 250 kg warhead to 750 km.

The Prithvi III was first tested in 2000 from INS Subhadra, a Sukanya class patrol vessel. The missile was launched from the ship’s upgraded helicopter deck. The first flight test of 250 km was only partially successful. Full operational testing completed in 2004.

SPECIFICATIONS

TypeLong-range, Road-mobile, Two stage, Solid propellant ballistic missile
Development Started2000
First Test Flight2000
Entered Service2004
Length/Diameter8.56 m/ 1 m
Weight5,600 kg
Warhead500-1000 kg
Maximum range600 km
Minimum range350 km
Accuracy25 m
SpeedMach 5

We have seen that Indian missiles with great precision can attack as well as defend its country with great success rate. Prithvi missile series is getting more dangerous with every new variant for its enemy. This is the reason neither china nor Pakistan is not taking the chance to rais war against India. They know it they do so they will be wiped out from the map.

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