Being the Global leader and development of one of the top 5 military powers in the World India is currently constantly developing new arms and ammunition and improving on their previous version of their weaponry. With security and challenges increasing both from and across the border the country seems poised to continue with its development agenda. We will now look after the top 10 Indian Future Weapons that are under development in India.
It is an underlying program to develop 5th generation fighter aircraft. The Indian Aeronautical Industry is responsible for designing the plane while Hindustan Aeronautics Limited will be the primary contractor responsible for assembling this advanced medium combat aircraft. It will be a single-seat, twin-engine, Stealth, all-weather, multirole fighter aircraft. The feasibility study and the design stage of this aircraft have been completed and the project entered the detailed design phase in February 2019. A model of this aircraft was shown at Air India and the design is finalized in the end of 2019.
AMCA is planned be revealed in 2024 and total of four AMCA prototypes are planned and the first prototype is expected to be out in 2025 to 2026. The production is to be started in 2028.
HAL TEJAS MK 2
HAL Tejas MK2 is planned to be a single-engine Delta wing multirole fighter designed by the Aeronautical development agency and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. It is for the Indian Air force.
MK 2 is the further development of HAL Tejas MK 1, the program which began in the 1980s to replace India’s old fighter aircraft and buy indigenous new aircraft. Tejas MK 2 first to be expected in 2023. This aircraft will have improved survivability, maintainability and also improved obsolescence mitigation. The cockpit design has been improved and now big in size with a small multifunctional display and an additional head-up display. Tejas MK 2 will also possess better covert strike capability, quality air reconnaissance, improved air defence and Maritime role which are enough capabilities for a light fighter and it can continue up to 25 to 26 years till it becomes obsolete.
Brahmos MK2 is a hypersonic cruise missile presently under the joint development of India and Russia Defence Research and Development Organization. They both have together formed Brahmos airspace project limited. It is the second class of the Cruise missile of the Brahmos series.
The Brahmos ll is expected to have a range of 450 km and speed of Mach 7. During the cruise stage of flight, the Missile will be launched by a scramjet air-breathing jet engine. Other details regarding production cost and physical dimension of the Missile are yet to brought forward. It is expected to be ready for testing in 2020.
Agni 6 will be four Stage Intercontinental Ballistic Missile which is under the development phase. Its design face was already completed in 2018-19. It is expected to have multiple independently targetable recur vehicles. It will be taller than its predecessor Agni 5 and the mass of Agni 6 will be between 5 ton- 7 ton.
The Indian Government hasn’t approved the project yet although DRDO has completed all calculations and even started the engineering work. It is reported to be the latest and most advanced version of the Agni missile. Agni 6 missile is likely to carry nearly 10 MIRV missiles and can have a strike range of 12,000 km. But DRDO has refused to comment on the Missile range.
INS Arighat is the Second Arihant class submarine. She is the second nuclear-powered submarine being built by India estimated to be commissioned this year. INS Arighat will have 17 blades propeller power pressurized model reactors. It can achieve a maximum speed of 12 to 15 knots when on surface and 24 notes when submerged.
This submarine has 4 launch tubes and its humped just like its predecessor and she can carry up to 12 K15 SLBM missiles and 4 K4 missiles which is under development which has a range of 3500 km.
It is an unmanned combat air vehicle being developed by DRDO for the Indian Air Force. It is still under development and its first flight is expected to be between 2020- 2025. The project cost is US $ 420 Million.
It will Cruise at medium altitude and It will be capable of carrying almost two or more guided strike weapons with on-board sensors for targeting and weapon guidance. Details of the project are classified.
UCAV will be capable of releasing the missiles, bombs and Precision guided ammunition. One former DRDO chief for Hindustan Aeronautics Limited said in 2007 that India combat drone will be Stealth flying, wing concept aircraft will be internal weapons bay and with turbo fan engine.
Future Battle Tanks
Currently, Indian armed forces use different types of battle tanks and 6 different series of main battle tanks. With these the DRDO will be advancing its future tanks and features like stealth armor, reduced penetration by most Lethal Weapon, elimination of parasitic Mass release into weight reduction, excellent corrosion resistance, inheritance thermal and acoustic insulation properties and active and passive protection system. They are under development and currently no information has been published about their launch date.
INS Vishal aircraft carrier
It will be a nuclear powered and nearly 50% larger than INS Vikramaditya. INS Vishal will be able to accommodate up to 55 aircraft and INS Vishal would be the first non-buster aircraft carrier. It will be equipped with complex CATOBAR launch capability.
CATOBAR aircraft launch system will affect less strain on airplane frames during the takeoff reducing maintenance cost in long run and also allows carrier base aircraft carrying heavier weapons payload.
Further CATOBAR launch system will increase the rate of career air wings and alloying faster landing and takeoff rate. INS Vishal will follow his sister vessel the INS Vikrant into career service and till next decade and will be flat-top flight deck.
Indian Ballistic Missile Defence program
BMD is an initial program to develop a multi-layer ballistic missile defence system for protecting India from Ballistic missile attack. Introduced in threats of ballistic missile attack from Pakistan and China it is a double tier system which consists of two systems i.e, land and sea-based interceptor missile namely PAD(Prithvi missile defence) system for high altitude interception and AAD(Advanced air defence) system for low altitude interception. The two will sail and will be able to intercept any incoming missile launch from 5000 km away.
The system also includes an overlapped network of early warning and tracking rider as well as command and control hosts. The PAD and AAD were tested in December 2006 and 2007 respectively and India became the fourth country to have successfully developed an anti-ballistic missile system after the USA, Russia, and Israel. This system has undergone several test procedures but the system is yet to be officially commissioned.
Project 18 class destroyer
Project 18 will be equipped with some advanced systems such as electromagnetic rail guns, laser weapons systems, AESA and PESA radars, and active and passive array sonar. Kakinada Shipyard in collaboration with Mazgaon docks and L&T will lay the keel for the destroyers that will have a displacement of 9000 tons.
The Destroyer will also have and expanded chronic mass detector-reader for the project. DRDO and Bharat electronics are jointly developing next generation radar systems to be added in Project 18 class. They have already developed AMDS further work will be done soon.
AESA and PESA radar ranges will be improved and possibly merged in one multi band radar. The project 18 class ships will have single utility for helicopters. The destroyers will be equipped with advanced UAVs and UCAVs.