Today every country poses some threats from in and outside their country. So they need military forces to overcome that threat. Some of the minor threats can be removed by regular military forces like Army, Airforce, and Navy but some threat are so dangerous that dealing with it is not a for regular forces. This threat is also increased if they would be dealed publically so there must be a secret force that should be trained enough to remove such type of threat without knowledge of anyone. These forces are capable to perform some of the most dangerous missions and they have the capability of Army, Air force, and Naval forces. We are going to learn about the top 10 special forces in the world.
Top 10 special forces in the world 2020
Classifying or comparing these special forces across the world is an extremely difficult task, but there are some who have always stood out in a difficult and extremely dangerous situation. Take a look at the best special forces in the world.
1. U.S Navy Seals
US Navy seals are considered to be the best special force in the world. They are well trained and well-equipped forces of America which could perform any tactical and strategic military operation in day or night. They were established in January 1962. The exact number of active troops in these forces are very much secret but it’s estimated that there are around 2,450 active military personnel.
Some of the best-known missions in which this troop was involved are Vietnam war of 1965- 1972, Invasion of Grenada 1983, Operation Desert Strom and Desert Shield 1991, Operation Red Wing in 2005. The best mission of this troop was during 2011 that is ‘Operation Neptune spear’ when they found and killed the most wanted terrorist Osama bin Laden in his hidden campus in Pakistan.
|Country||United States of America|
|Notable Missions||Vietnam War 1965-1972, Invasion of Grenada 1983, Operation Desert Strom and Desert Shield 1991, Operation Red Wing 2005, Killing Osama bin Laden (Operation Neptune Spear) 2011, etc.|
2. Sayeret Matkal
Israeli special force Sayeret Matkal is considered to be the best secret forces in the whole world in terms of their secrecy and their success rate in overseas operations. They have conducted over 100 missions in other countries and all of them were successful. They were established in 1957 looking after the threat from Arabic countries. The actual numbers of active troops are very much classified but it’s estimated that around 2000 to 3000 members are in this group.
Some of the notable missions of this force are Operation Thunderbolt during 1974 when they rescued a flight from Uganda airport which was captured by the terrorist and saved Israeli citizens and Operation Isotope in 1971 which was also a rescue operation of a Hijacked flight. There was also an operation in Lebanon when Israel raided Lebanon successfully. This operation was named Operation Spring of Youth. It was conducted in 1973.
|Active Troops||Classified (estimated between 2000 to 3000 )|
|Notable Missions||Operation Isotope 1971, Operation Thunderbolt 1974, Operation Spring of Youth 1973|
3. MARCOS- Marine Commandos
Marcos stands for Marine Commandos. Generally, India has lots of special elite forces but Marcos stands at number 1 among them. This group was established in 1987. The actual number of Marcos commandos is highly secret but it’s estimated to be 2000 active members. It has the highest rejection ratio in the world which is 98% during the Marcos selection time. Marcos training is considered to be the hardest training of any Elite commandos in the world.
They have undergone many of the missions but some of the notable missions are Operation Cactus in 1998 and in the same year they also performed Operation Leech. They have conducted a mission in Sri Lanka which was named Operation Pawan in 1987 to bring peace in that nation again from the terrorism of Tamil liberation tigers. They were also helpful during the Kargil war. Operation Black Tornado in 2008 and Operation Cyclone in the same year due to the Mumbai attack was successfully operated by Marcos. From their formation in 1987 they are continually operating in Kashmir in counter-insurgency operations.
|Notable Missions||Operation cactus 1998, operation leech 1998, operation Pawan 1987, Kargil war 1999, operation black tornado 2008, operation cyclone 2008, counter-insurgency operations in Kashmir (1989-present)|
4. SSG- Special Service Group
Pakistani SSG comes at number 4 in the best special forces around the world. They are highly trained and well-equipped forces of Pakistan. They have conducted more than 50 missions of counter-terrorism in Balochistan and Northern regions. This force was established in November 1975 and the number of active troops would be near about 700. They have a great success rate in eliminating terrorism from Pakistan. Some of the notable missions are- The rescue of a plane from hijackers in 1986.
Again in 1994, they rescued a school bus filled with children from the Balochistan Liberation front. They also knock down the terrorists who attacked Lahore Police Academy in 2009 and Pakistan military headquarter in the same year. In 2007 there was an attack in Army Public School in Pakistan where many children’s and teachers died. SSG successfully killed all the terrorists before they could do further more damage.
|Notable Missions||Plane Hijack rescue 1986, school bus hijack rescue 1994, Lahore Police Academy attack 2009, Pakistan MilitaryHeadquarter attack 2009, Rescue in Army Public School 2014|
5. GIGN- Groupe d’interventionde la Gendasmerie Nationale
French special forces GIGN comes at number fifth position among the elite forces in the world. They are the best Special Forces in the whole European union. They have carried out over 100-250 missions in all of Europe. Their operation not only includes in France but also outside France. This force was established in March 1974. The exact number of this force is also not known but it estimates that around 400 soldiers are in this group. This group is small but it’s the most lethal group in the whole world in terms of their success.
Some of the notable missions of GIGN include Loyada hostage recovery in 1976, Ouveaceve hostage recovery in 1988 and Grand Mosque seizure in 1979. They also successfully rescued the Air France flight from hijackers in 1994. Recently in 2015, they shot down the terrorists in the Ile-de-France region.
|Active Troops||400 approx|
|Notable Mission||Ile-de-France attack 2015, Air France Flight hijacking 1994, Ouveaceve hostage recovery 1988, Grand Mosque seizure 1979, Loyada hostage recovery1976|
Spetsnaz is considered as the best Special Forces in Russia. They are the highly trained forces in Russia and they could conduct an operation in any part of the world without having any notice of the local police or Army. These forces were established in 1949. The actual number of soldiers in this force may be at most 8000.
Some of the notable missions conducted by this force are- the successful airfield raid during the Vietnam war in 1978 against the US forces. They also conducted a successful rescue operation of Russian diplomats from Hezbollah in 1985 without any gunfire. Operation stone-333 in 1979 made these forces the best negotiator and the best planner.
|Notable Missions||Airfield Raid (Vietnam War) 1968, Rescue of Russian diplomats from Hezbollah 1985, Operation Storm-333 1979|
7. SAS- Special Air Service
SAS or Special Air Service of Britain comes at number seventh position among the most elite forces in the world. They are the only forces after US Navy seals that have conducted their operation in all the countries in the world. They are highly trained as US Navy seals and well better equipped than other special forces. It was established in July 1941 in London. Total active troops in this group are around 400 to 600 but the actual number may vary because there is no accurate information available on them.
The members of this force are from England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland and also from Wales. Some of the notable missions of SAS are Operation Narcissus, Operation Avalanche, and Operation Candytuft in 1943. They also played their part in the rescue operation of Iranian embassy siege in 1980. They have also carried out some of the most dangerous missions in Afghanistan and Iraq. They have also carried out Operation Corporate in 1982 against Argentina in Falklands Island.
|Notable Missions||Operation Narcissus 1943, Operation Avalanche 1943, Operation Candytuft 1943, Iranian Embassy Siege 1980, Operation Corporate 1982, Operation Granby 1991, Operation Palliser 2000, Operation Shader 2014|
8. GROM- Grupa Reagowania Operacyjno-Manewrowego
Poland’s special force GROM comes at number 8 position among the elite forces in the world. It was established in July 1990. This force was established due to threat from Russia of infiltrating their land. This force has a very good network of intelligence in and outside their country. Total active troops in this group are classified but after digging some news and facts it’s estimated that there would be between 300 to 1000 soldiers in this group.
Some of the notable mission of GROM is Operation Uphold democracy in 1991, War criminals hunt in Kosovo in 2001. They have also conducted a mission in Afghanistan from 2002 to 2004, Mission in Iraq from 2003 to 2008. They have also successfully operated a mission to protect the polish civilians and international civilians in 2012 from a terrorist attack.
|Active Troops||Classified (between 300-1000 expected)|
|Notable Missions||Operation Uphold Democracy 1991, Hunt for war criminals in Kosovo 2001, Mission in Afghanistan 2002-04, Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003-04 and 2007-08, Protection of polish and International Civilians 2012.|
9. GOE- Grupos de Operaciones Especiales
GOE of Spain stands at 9th position in the best Special Forces around the world. They were established in 1977 and have conducted over 50 + mission in Spain and Portugal. They have approx 900 total soldiers in this group. These soldiers are very well trained paratroopers and well trained to handle any weapon in the world.
Some of the notable missions of GOE are the rescue of the members of the Turkish embassy in 1983 Lisbon attack. Defence of Portuguese embassy in Zaire 1997 and Guinea 1998 was also successfully conducted by this force. They have also successfully conducted a rescue operation of French citizens in Bissau 1999. In 2008 Lisbon, they have successfully failed the robbery attempt in Banco Espírito Santo branch.
|Active Troops||900 approx|
|Notable Missions||Turkish embassy attack in Lisbon 1983, Defence of Portuguese embassy in Zaire 1997, Defence of Portuguese embassy in Guinea 1998, Rescue of French citizens in Bissau 1999, Banco Espirito Santo branch robbery with a hostage in Lisbon 2008.|
10. GSG 9- Grenzschutzgruppe 9
German special forces GSG-9 are also one of the best in this category. They are the only forces in the world that are not a part of the Army but they are the part of police forces. They were established in September 1972 with the permission of their head of police department. It was established to counter the terrorist organization in their country. There are approx 400 active troops in this Special Force.
Some of the notable operations this force conducted are the rescue of Lufthansa Flight 181 hijacked in 1977, the arrest of terrorists of RAF organization in 1982 and 1993. They have also successfully liberated the German tourist which was kidnapped in Egypt in 2001. They also helped the CIA regarding sharing intelligence and arresting the terrorist responsible for the 9/11 attack. Their naval operations include the rescue of German frigate from Somalian pirates in 2009.
|Active Troops||400 approx|
|Notable Missions||Lufthansa Flight 181 hijack 1977, Arrest of RAF terrorist 1982 and 1993, KLM flight hijacking 1993, Liberation of German tourist in Egypt 2001, Arrest of terrorists related to 9/11 attacks, Rescue of German Frigate from Somali Pirates 2009.|