When we talk about Armenia Azerbaijan war 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict then it will be stated as Armenia defeat and Azerbaijan victory. But in reality, not only Azerbaijan but Russia, Turkey, Pakistan and some other Muslim countries also won this war except Armenia.
Lots of Armenian citizens have to move from Azerbaijan controlled Armenian region of Karabakh losing their property, land and money. Many Armenian and Azerbaijan civilians have also lost their life due to this war. This war will also be remembered as the Russian betrayal of Armenia.
This war will also be remembered as a big loss of Russia who also has military ties with Armenia but Russia was not able to help Armenia during its high time. After this war, Russia will not be remembered as the superpower rather now Turkey emerges as a big superpower in Asia. This war will also be remembered for dangerous Drones of Turkey and Israel which single-handedly managed to destroy almost all Armenian arsenals.
Result of War and Russian Peace Deal
Before this War, the Armenian people loved Russia because they have military ties with the Russian army as well as there are lots of Russian influence in Armenia society and culture.
The Armenian people believe that Russia will surely help them and even at the last point of their defeat, Armenian people wondered for a better negotiation from Russia which will not cost them their motherland. But when the peace deal was made between Armenia and Azerbaijan and all the land captured by the Azerbaijan army was decided to cede in Azerbaijan which created a big mistrust and havoc in Armenia. Now people hate Russia and lots of protests, violence and have been in Armenia against Russia.
The cars, trucks and vans that disrupted the mountain roads on Saturday were full of all the property that the escaped Armenians could save: upholstered furniture, livestock, and glass doors.
As they left, many set their homes on fire, enveloping their exodus with pungent smoke and illuminating it with an orange glow. Older ruins stood near some of the burning houses: the remains of houses abandoned a quarter of a century ago when the Azerbaijanis fled and the Armenians moved to the region.
In the South Caucasus, on the border of Europe and Asia, this weekend was a turning point in a decade-long conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over isolated and mountainous countries that both sides rightly believed to be theirs. In the 1990s, they were forced to leave Azerbaijanis. Now it is the Armenians, a renewed tragedy for them and the triumph of their enemies.
Role of Drones
By using Turkish-made drones, Azerbaijan changed the course of this conflict. According to Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, armed drones have caused more than $ 1 billion in damage to the Armenian army.
Under a Russian-brokered peace deal that ended a six-week war that killed thousands, Azerbaijan was set to take control of the breakaway ethnic-Armenian region of Nagorno-Karabakh, part of Azerbaijan under international law, on Sunday.
Turkey and Russia
Now Russian forces have been deployed in the region and they will serve as peacekeeping army and maintain a buffer zone between two countries.
When Media came to Armenian-controlled areas and to Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, to document this pivotal moment for both sides of the conflict. The war has attracted some of the largest international powers in the region, Turkey has supported Azerbaijan and Russia is trying to stop fighting in the area where it once ruled.
Russian peacekeepers overseeing the surrender stormed Kelbajar district on board armoured personnel carriers on Friday. Russian army set up one of their observation posts in Dadivank, which is a centuries-old monastery that Armenians, who are predominantly Christian, fear the arrival of predominantly Muslim Azerbaijanis.
Celebration in Azerbaijan
The melodious scenes at Azerbaijan capital Baku can hardly be ignored. Festive flags adorned almost every surface, hanging from balconies, draped over the roofs and windows of cars and wrapped around a teenager’s shoulders in Martyrs Alley Cemetery on a hillside overlooking the Caspian Sea.
Much of Azerbaijan exploded in the streets of joyous celebrations on Tuesday after President Ilham Aliyev announced in the early morning hours that the war was over and that Armenian forces would withdraw from three districts bordering Nagorno-Karabakh and return them to Azerbaijani control.
Armenia and Azerbaijan War of the 1990s
Armenians and Azerbaijanis lived side by side when both countries were part of the Soviet Union, but centuries of ethnic hostility reigned after the fall of communism. Nagorno-Karabakh, predominantly ethnic Armenian, ended up as part of Azerbaijan. In the early 1990s, Armenia won the war over the territory, which killed about 20,000 people and displaced a million, mostly Azerbaijanis.
The Azerbaijanis were expelled not only from Nagorno-Karabakh itself but also from the seven surrounding districts, including Kelbajar, which the Azerbaijanis mostly inhabited. The whole region became the internationally unrecognized, ethnic Armenian Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan’s desire to return its citizens, who were displaced from their homes, became the driving force behind its policies.
Number of Deaths
A quarter of a century of on-off talks did not resolve the situation, and on September 27, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev launched an offensive aimed at regaining territory by force. Advanced drones funded by the Azerbaijani oil and gas boom pounded Armenians in trenches.
At least 2,317 Armenian soldiers were killed; Azerbaijan did not disclose the number of victims. As Azerbaijani forces approached the fortress city of Shusha in early November – a place full of history and symbolism of both countries – the Azerbaijanis barely slept and watched the news of the state television channel.
New land for Azerbaijan and Future of Armenian civilians of those regions
Nearly a million people were uprooted by the first war between them in the 1990s and were relocated to cities and settlements in Azerbaijan. Many families still live in cramped apartments in and around Baku, and their happiness at the promise of return has been tempered by grief.
Now the displaced Azerbaijanis would be able to return to their home but when it was not cleared. On Saturday, in hectic hours before they thought Azerbaijan was ready to take control of Kelbajar district (on Sunday, the departure deadline was extended by 10 days), it seemed that the departing Armenians were determined to relocate the area as hard as possible.
They destroyed all the power lines and struck down restaurants and gas stations. Men with chainsaws were blowing on the road, stuffing freshly chopped logs into vans and trucks.
On Friday in Kelbajar on Friday, an employee smashed the interior walls with a large mallet, while workers transported everything that moved – windows, tables, doors – to the truck. At the police station, officers had a farewell bottle of vodka on them, while a three-foot-tall white cone of burning documents smouldered at the back.
Hundreds of Armenians crowded the monastery grounds on Friday for one last prayer; many brought their children to be baptized. Some of the monasterys unique, carved-stone steles, known as khachkars, were set on wooden pallets, apparently to be removed. Suddenly, down below, the monastery guards home burst into flames.
Protest against Russia
There have been high tensions in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, in recent days as protesters accused Prime Minister Nikol Pasinyan of treason for joining the peace agreement.
Mr Pashinyan and defence officials said Armenia, which had overcome on the battlefield, had no choice – a statement that shocked the country and a global diaspora that had united in patriotic support for the war effort.
Nearly 2,000 Russian forces will guard the line between the regions controlled by Azerbaijan and Armenia for at least five years, following an agreement brokered by President Vladimir V. Putin last week.
The agreement confirmed Russia’s influence in the former Soviet South Caucasus, and the arrival of the Russians was largely welcomed by ethnic Armenians who said they planned to remain in the Armenian-controlled part of Nagorno-Karabakh.
However, some older citizens think about Armenians war and still had memories of those days when they lived with Azerbaijanis as friends and neighbours – still a relatively recent past that cannot be imagined for younger generations. After Armenian war who fled his hometown of Baku a quarter of a century ago said politicians, not ordinary people, were to blame.